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Events Calendar

EVENTS IN March 2018

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Thursday, March 1, 2018

4:00 PM - 5:00 PM

NUTC Seminar: "The 4th National Climate Assessment: Maintaining Hope While Assessing the Science" - Don Wuebbles, University of Illinois

Northwestern University Transportation Center presents:

"The 4th National Climate Assessment: Maintaining Hope While Assessing the Science"

Donald J. Wuebbles
University of Illinois

 

ABSTRACT:

As Volume I for the 4th National Climate Assessment, the Climate Science Special Report (CSSR) has been developed to provide a comprehensive assessment of the science underlying the changes occurring in the Earth's climate system, with a special focus on the United States. CSSR serves as the scientific foundation for Volume II of NCA4, which is an assessment of climate-related impacts, risks, and adaptation in the United States. Volume II is scheduled for release in late 2018.

Over 50 scientists and other experts contributed to the writing of the CSSR assessment, including representatives from the Federal government, national laboratories, universities, and the private sector. The CSSR was subjected to 6 stages of rigorous review, including by Federal agencies, the general public, and an external expert review panel convened by the National Academies of Sciences.

New observations and new research have increased our understanding of past, current, and future climate change. The CSSR confirms prior assessments in concluding that the climate on our planet, including the United States, is changing, and changing rapidly. Observational evidence for a changing climate abounds, from the top of the atmosphere to the depths of the oceans. Documented changes include surface, atmospheric, and oceanic temperatures; melting glaciers; disappearing snow cover; shrinking sea ice; and rising sea level. Many lines of evidence demonstrate that human activities have been the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century. Changes in the characteristics of extreme events are particularly important for human safety, infrastructure, agriculture, water quality and quantity, and natural ecosystems. Some extremes have already become more frequent, intense, or of longer duration, and many extremes are expected to continue to increase or worsen, presenting substantial challenges. Heatwaves have become more frequent in the United States since the 1960s, while extreme cold temperatures and cold waves have become less frequent. Heavy rainfall is increasing in intensity and frequency across the United States and globally. These and other trends in severe weather are expected to continue. The Earth's climate is projected to continue to change over this century and beyond. As a result, global average sea levels are expected to continue to rise. This presentation provides an overview of the findings from the CSSR, while also touching on the need for maintaining hope.

 

SPEAKER BIO:

Donald J. Wuebbles is the Harry E. Preble Professor of Atmospheric Science at the University of Illinois where he has been since 1994. He is also a Presidential Fellow at the University of Illinois, with the aim of helping the university system develop new initiatives in urban sustainability. From 2015 to early 2017, Dr. Wuebbles was Assistant Director with the Office of Science and Technology Policy at the Executive Office of the President in Washington DC, where he was the White House expert on climate science. He was Head of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Illinois for many years. Dr. Wuebbles led the development of the School of Earth, Society, and Environment, and was its first director. While Department Head, he led the development of two highly successful undergraduate programs, one in Atmospheric Sciences, and the other, an interdisciplinary major, in Earth, Society and Environmental Sustainability (ESES).
Dr. Wuebbles is an expert in atmospheric physics and chemistry, with over 500 scientific publications related to the Earth's climate, air quality, and the stratospheric ozone layer. However his work goes well beyond that through providing analyses and development of metrics used in national and international policy and in developing analyses for understanding climate impacts on society and ecosystems, plus potential resilience and societal responses. He has co-authored a number of international and national scientific assessments, including several of the climate assessments led by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), that resulted in IPCC being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007. He was a leader in both the 2013 IPCC international assessment of climate science and the 2014 3rd U.S. National Climate Assessment. More recently, he has co-led the Climate Science Special Report, the 477-page first volume of the 4th U.S. National Climate Assessment published in November 2017 that assesses the science of climate change. Dr. Wuebbles has also led special assessments of the impacts of climate change on human society and ecosystems for the U.S. Midwest, the Northeast, and a special assessment for the city of Chicago.
Dr. Wuebbles has received many awards, including the Cleveland Abbe Award from the American Meteorological Society, the Stratospheric Ozone Protection Award from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and is a Fellow of three major professional science societies, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Meteorological Society.
Dr. Wuebbles has two degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois (1970, 1972) and a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Sciences from the University of California, Davis (1983). Don and his wife, Barbara, have three sons and four grandchildren.

Contact Info: Joan Pinnell

Location: Technological Institute 2145 Sheridan Road A230 Evanston IL 60208

Event URL: http://www.transportation.northwestern.edu/

Thursday, March 8, 2018

4:00 PM - 5:00 PM

NUTC Seminar: "The History of Road Safety in Industrialized Countries (and the Future of Road Safety in Developing Countries)" - Kavi Bhalla, UChicago

Northwestern University Transportation Center presents:

"The History of Road Safety in Industrialized Countries (and the Future of Road Safety in Developing Countries)"

Kavi Bhalla, PhD
University of Chicago

 

ABSTRACT:

The long-run trends in road traffic deaths in industrialized countries show a remarkably consistent pattern of rising traffic deaths until the 1960s followed by a decline until present day. Previous studies have attributed these trends to economic development (i.e. a Kuznets Curve). These studies hypothesize that as countries become richer they initially experience rising injuries with increasing income but they eventually reach a certain level of economic development after which they begin to invest in safety programs and reduce their traffic mortality rates. This logic of economic determinism creates the impression that many low-income countries may be too poor to invest in safety now.

We use a time-series cross sectional dataset of traffic deaths in 20 OECD countries from 1955-2015 to show that traffic deaths in these countries began to decline in 1970 even after controlling for income effects. We believe that the persistence of these time effects in the models after controlling for income is credible evidence of a transition to a road safety policy era in OECD countries. In fact, the 1960s was a period of paradigmatic change in which the prevailing view that accidents were caused by drivers behaving badly (“the nut behind the wheel”) changed to a more balanced understanding of how road users, vehicles, road infrastructure, and post-crash care contribute to safety. Thus, we argue that the key lesson for developing countries is that they need to stop focusing solely on interventions aimed at changing behaviors of road users and take a systematic approach to addressing the main risk factors.

 

SPEAKER BIO:

Kavi Bhalla, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Public Health Sciences of the Biological Sciences Division at the University of Chicago, and Affiliated Faculty at the Harris School of Public Policy. His research aims to develop transport systems that are safe, sustainable and equitable, with a central focus on road safety in low- and middle-income countries. His recent work has focused on the development of analytical tools for improving estimates of the incidence of injuries in information-poor settings using available data sources. Kavi co-led the injury expert group of the 2010 Global Burden of Disease Project. He is formally trained as a mechanical engineer and his PhD (Cornell, 2001) thesis research focused on the mechanics of material failure, which he later applied to the study of injury biomechanics and vehicle crashworthiness. He is broadly interested in the design of products, environments, and systems that are safe and have positive health impacts.

More information at:

http://health.bsd.uchicago.edu/PersonProfile/Kanwaljeet%20-Bawa%20Bhalla

 

Contact Info: Joan Pinnell

Location: Chambers Hall 600 Foster St Lower Level Evanston IL 60208

Event URL: http://www.transportation.northwestern.edu/

Tuesday, March 20, 2018

11:30 AM - 1:00 PM

NUTC Sandhouse: Andrew Fox & Eric Jakubowski, Anacostia Rail Holdings

Northwestern University Transportation Center (NUTC) &; Sandhouse Rail Group present:

Andrew Fox - Managing Director
Eric T. Jakubowski - Chief Commercial Officer
Anacostia Rail Holdings


REGISTRATION REQUIRED
Photo ID required for building access.


ABOUT SPEAKERS:

+ ANDREW FOX
Managing Director, Anacostia Rail Holdings Company

Andrew Fox joined Anacostia Rail Holdings Company in 1997 as the president of Pacific Harbor Line, Inc. In August 2010, Mr. Fox moved to the Chicago South Shore &; South Bend Railroad where he served as President until March 2016, and then CEO until July 2016. Mr. Fox has also held a variety of posts at the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, including assistant to the vice president of operations. Mr. Fox is a past president of the California Railroad Association and past director of the ASLRRA. Northwestern University (BS); (MBA).

+ ERIC JAKUBOWSKI
Vice President and Chief Commercial Officer, Anacostia Rail Holdings Company

Eric Jakubowski joined Anacostia Rail Holdings Company in March 2012. Prior to this position, he was director of network strategy - US, for Canadian National Railway. He previously held marketing and operating positions for more than 25 years with both CN and Conrail. Eric served on the STB's Rail Shipper Transportation Advisory Committee as well as Northwestern University's Transportation Center Business Advisory Committee. Harvard University (BA); Northwestern University (MBA); (MA).

....

ABOUT ANACOSTIA:

Anacostia Rail Holdings Company owns and operates freight railroads in the United States. Our services provide our customers with neutral access to the larger Class 1 railroads. Our services also include car switching for intermodal terminals and various industries, track maintenance and repair, freight trans-loading, and train dispatching.

....

ABOUT SANDHOUSE:

The Hagestad Sandhouse Rail Group began in 2002 as an effort to connect active and veteran rail practitioners with students and academics interested in rail-related issues. Named for Douglas Dean Hagestad, a primary group founder who passed away in 2007, the Sandhouse Group meetings typically feature presentations from field experts, followed by an open forum discussion.

Contact Info: Joan Pinnell

Location: METRA - 547 W. Jackson Blvd. 13th Floor Chicago IL 60661

Event URL: http://www.transportation.northwestern.edu/