Modeling Human Behavior and Intelligent Agent-Based Traffic Flow Simulation

This three year study, funded by the National Science Foundation, put forward a comprehensive, multidisciplinary research approach to characterize and model human cognitive driving behavior and subsequent response in traffic flow systems. Specifically, the dynamics of driver behavior, taken at the individual level and as part of a group, evolving over time and space will be systematically studies as a complex system. By developing behavior-based models of human decision-making in traffic situations and integrating the behavior models in computer simulation systems, the study addresses fundamental questions in traffic science and promises to improve prevailing understanding of traffic flow phenomena as well as the fidelity and reliability of the current state of the art of traffic flow simulation. Of particular interest in this study is driving behavior under extreme conditions, including inclement weather, natural and man-made disasters.