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Events Calendar

EVENTS IN November 2015

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Thursday, November 5, 2015

4:00 PM - 5:00 PM

How to Fundraise for Operational Expenditures in International Humanitarian Aid"

Seminar SpeakerDr. Maria Besiou, Associate Professor of Humanitarian Logistics,  Kühne Logistics University, Hamburg, Germany

Abstract: The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Case

International humanitarian organizations (IHOs) frequently implement both development and disaster response programs. Based on the programs' operational needs, IHOs estimate the operational expenditures and then appeal for donations. Their operations and actual operational expenditures depend on the donations that they receive. They face budget constraints; some programs are overfunded, while others are underfunded. In this paper, using multiple regression analysis, we estimate the responsiveness of donations to a number of variables, including fundraising costs, operational costs included in the appeal, profile of the country where the program takes place and disaster criticality, and we then link donations and fundraising effort with actual operational expenditures. We also study whether some types of operational expenditures require higher fundraising efforts than others. We use data from the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), which is one of the largest IHOs. Data on development programs come from the 243 development programs implemented by the IFRC in the period from 2010-2012. Data on disaster responses' programs cover the 80 disasters that the IFRC responded to in the time period from January 2010 to April 2014.

 Bio: Professor Maria Besiou is Associate Professor of Humanitarian Logistics at the Kuehne Logistics University (KLU). She received her Ph.D. in Operations Management from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH) in Greece. She holds a Diploma in Mechanical Engineering from AUTH. Before joining the KLU she worked as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at INSEAD. Professor Besiou's main research interests are in humanitarian logistics, closed-loop supply chains, and stakeholder media. Her research appears in several case studies and award-winning papers in peer-review international journals like Production and Operations Management, European Journal of Operational Research, Journal of Business Ethics, California Management Review, and the Journal of Industrial Ecology. She serves as the Vice President of Outreach of the Humanitarian Operations and Crisis Management Chapter of the Productions and Operations Management Society and as the Coordinator of the Humanitarian Operations Working Group of EURO Society.

Contact Info: Diana Marek

Location: Technological Institute 2145 Sheridan Road CEE Seminar Roon - A230 Evanston IL 60208

Event URL: http://www.transportation.northwestern.edu/

Thursday, November 12, 2015

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

The Business Case for Higher Speed Freight Trains

Joint Sandhouse Rail Group Meeting and NUTC Seminar

SpeakerDavid Burns, Railroad Industrial Engineering Consultant

Rail is usually considered to be the transport mode of choice for transporting freight longer distances, yet in the USA only 15% of freight, for distances more than 2000 miles, is by rail.  For long distances many shippers are spending 2 to 3 times rail freight rates as they need faster and more reliable service than the railroads can provide.  As an indication of the rail potential shippers are spending, annually, $28 billion dollars on moving freight by truck over 1000 miles.  

 There are a number of reasons rail is not able to take advantage of the long distance market. A higher speed freight train will consume up to 3 train paths of 50 mph freight trains. There is significant increase in track maintenance cost if heavy freight trains travel at higher speeds, signaling for higher speeds and longer stopping distances, and the lack of a reliable low maintenance, high axle load, track friendly freight wagon truck for speeds over 70 mph.

 As part of the FRA's research into higher speed passenger trains, research was funded for higher speed freight. As part of the justification for this research, a study was commissioned to focus on the business case for higher speed freight trains.  

The study came to interesting specific conclusions. If higher speed freight trains could be operated as the second section of a passenger train, this would minimize the impact on line capacity and could generate a rail revenue of as much as $1 million per train!  Overall, higher speed freight trains could produce about $3 billion revenue from fresh produce and other priority food products. Revenues of about $250 million from overnight intermodal and $750 million from mail and express/courier are possible.  Importantly, the potential rail revenue could reduce the freight railroads' opposition to passenger trains.

 The presentation will explain the problems of operating freight at higher speeds, the logistics chain requirements, and the potential market for this premium type of service.

 BIO:  David Burns gained his railroad experience working 8 years for the Illinois Central Railroad, and then for 38 years he has been a railroad industrial engineering consultant.  He has undertaken numerous industrial engineering, economic, and financial studies covering most aspects of railroad operations, maintenance, and the railroad's role in the logistics chain.  Recently he researched a FRA funded study for the business case for higher speed freight trains. He has written and had published 60 plus articles and papers on various aspects of technical and marketing of rail operations.  He also brings an international prospective to his experience in that he has had consulting assignments on 45 national railway systems around the World. 

 

Contact Info: Diana Marek

Location: Chambers Hall 600 Foster St Ruan Conference Center - Lower Level Evanston IL 60208

Event URL: http://www.transportation.northwestern.edu/

Thursday, November 19, 2015

3:00 PM - 4:00 PM

Semiparametric Estimates of the Willingness to Pay for Autonomous Electric Vehicles

Seminar Speaker:   Ricardo A Daziano, David Croll Fellow Assistant Professor
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering,  Cornell University

Abstract: 

Autonomous vehicles use sensing and communication technologies to navigate safely and efficiently with little or no input from the driver. These driverless technologies will create an unprecedented revolution in how people move, and policymakers will need appropriate tools to plan and analyze the large impacts of novel navigation systems. In this paper we derive semiparametric estimates of the willingness to pay for automation. We use data  from a nation-wide online panel of 1,260 individuals who answered a vehicle-purchase discrete choice experiment focused on energy efficiency and autonomous features. Several models were estimated with the choice microdata, including a conditional logit with deterministic consumer heterogeneity, a parametric random parameter logit, and a semi-parametric random parameter logit (with assumption-free heterogeneity distributions that are a mixture of normals). Regarding operating costs, specifications with both endogenous and exogenous discounting were considered.  

 Bio:  Ricardo A. Daziano is the David Croll Fellow Assistant Professor in Civil and Environmental Engineering at Cornell University. He received a PhD in economics from Laval University in 2010. Daziano's research focuses on engineering decision making, specifically on theoretical and applied econometrics of consumer behavior and discrete choice models applied to technological innovation in transportation and energy. Daziano's specific empirical research interests include the analysis of air travel demand, the study of pro-environmental preferences toward low-emission vehicles, modeling the adoption of sustainable travel behavior, estimating willingness-to-pay for renewable energy, and forecasting consumers' response to environmentally-friendly energy sources.

Contact Info: Diana Marek

Location: Chambers Hall 600 Foster St Ruan Conference Center - lower level Evanston IL 60208

Event URL: http://www.transportation.northwestern.edu/